Bonamargie Friary



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Julie MacQuillen's Grave  

Situated on the right hand side, a short distance out of the town on the Cushendall road is Bonamargie Friary, one of the finest ruins along the north coast - originally thatched, the ruins consist of a chapel, vaults, gatehouse, cloisters, living quarters and a graveyard. Some accounts date this Third Order Franciscan Friary  to around 1500 but it was perhaps built slightly earlier around the 1480s. The Franciscans first arrived in Ireland in 1226 and over a decade or so had created such an impression that many local rulers provided for them in their territories and funded the building of friaries.  For the first hundred years the Franciscans remained relatively small due to many factors including  politics, warfare and the Black Death. In the late thirteenth century the Third Order was founded in Ireland and by the  early 1430s.  was believed to have come about due to the secular nature of Gaelic rule at the time, certainly the dominance of that rule in the north and west after the Norman conquest aided their protection and spread. The MacQuillen family who can be trace to the Norman de Mandevilles, are accredited with the founding of Bonamargie Friary, it later came into the possession of the MacDonnells when  Sorley Boy MacDonnell defeated the MacQuillen in a battle 1558 and effectively became ' Lord of the Route'. Several of the Earls of Ulster are interred in the Friary including Sorley Boy MacDonnell.  It became a focal point during the first half of the fifteenth century for missionary work to Scotland. In 1600 there were said to have been only twelve priest left in Scotland and the religion in decline, unlike the north and west of Ireland, the Reformation by King Henry had a dramatic effect on Catholism throughout Scotland. Concerns about this led the Catholic Church to set about a mission to re-establish itself there, eventually turning to the Irish Franciscans who carried out extensive missionary work there between 1619-47.Bonamargie Friary was granted to members of the  First Order of Franciscans in 1626 as a rest house for those doing missionary work in the Highlands and Isles. (Officially granted to the First Order in 1687).During the late 1639 Bonamargie became a refuge for Scots men and women turning to and returning to the Catholic faith. In 1639 there are accounts of the Franciscan Bishop of Down & Connor Bonaventure Magennis confirming nearly seven hundred people from Scotland in Bonamargie and in 1640 Father Hegarty, Guardian of the Friary, informed the Vatican that over a thousand people had been reconciled with the Church at Bonamargie.The friary was in use up until the early sixteenth century, the last friars leaving in 1790. After this time, local stories tells of a Julie MacQuillen living in the monastery, she was known as the black nun of Bunnamargie and is believed to have prophesised many event, some of which came true, others are still outstanding. Other stories tell of her murder on the stone stairs leading up to the second floor of the friary and that she still  haunts these steps at night, a small cross with a hole through the centre near the west gable of the chapel is believed to mark her grave. Another story tell of the friars, before fleeing from the friary during one of the many raids, having buried the friary's valuables 'at the furthest reach of the light from a candle burning in the east window of the chapel'. The friary is steeped in a wealth of history from being attacked and burnt to it being used as a billet and stables for soldiers. To the left of the main Friary is a small  lodge house, in 1822 a small oak chest was found in the chimney which contained manuscripts in illuminated Latin script believed to have been written in the twelfth century and part of the theological work of St. Thomas Aquinas(1224 - 74) who belonged to the monastery of St. Anthony of Delestmon. St.Thomas Aquinas was of the Dominican Order and traveled widely during his life, he was considered one of the greatest Christian philosophers to have lived;  two of his most famous works were the 'Summa Theologiae' and the 'Summa Contra Gentiles'. He was prolific in the amount of work he produced during his lifetime and it is know that he was a close friend of a Franciscan monk called Bonaventure who later in 1237 became the minister general of the Franciscan Order. They studied together in Paris and received their Doctorates in Theology at the same time. Though, how his work if indeed it was his work, arrived to be in Bonamargie Friary is still a mystery. Also in Bonamargy you will find the graves of seaman from HMS Racoon and HMS Viknor. HMS Racoon was lost  at the Garvin Isles,  Donegal and  HMS Viknor  struck a mine and sank off Tory Island - both had no survivors.




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